Return on equity
Profit for the period attributable to owners of the parent for the last 12 months divided by average equity attributable to owners of the parent during the five most recent quarters.
Return on equity, continuing operations
Profit for the period from continuing operations, attributable to owners of the parent for the last 12 months divided by average equity attributable to owners of the parent during the five most recent quarters.
Return on capital employed
Adjusted EBITA for the last 12 months as a percentage of average capital employed during the five most recent quarters.
Proposed dividend on ordinary shares expressed as a percentage of the Class B share’s closing price at the period’s last trading day.
Price development of Class B shares including reinvested dividends (this year’s paid dividend) on ordinary shares.
EBITA with depreciation, amortisation and impairment reversed (Earnings Before Interest, Tax, Depreciation and Amortisation).
EBITDA expressed as a percentage of net sales.
Operating profit before impairment of goodwill as well as amortisation and impairment of other intangible assets that arose in conjunction with company acquisitions and similar transactions. (Earnings Before Interest, Tax and Amortisation).
EBITA expressed as a percentage of net sales.
Equity per share
Equity attributable to owners of the parent divided by the number of outstanding ordinary shares at the end of the period.
EBITA adjusted for capital gains and the revaluation of listed shares and non-recurring items affecting comparability at the business area level.
Adjusted EBITA margin
Adjusted EBITA expressed as a percentage of net sales.
Cash flow from operating activities
Includes cash flow from operating profit, dividends received from associates, interest and financial items, income tax paid, and changes in working capital.
Net sales growth in comparable units. The effects of acquisitions, divestments and exchange rate changes are excluded.
Market share price for Class B share in relation to earnings per share.
Basic earnings per share
Profit for the period attributable to owners of the parent company divided by the average number of outstanding ordinary shares.
Diluted earnings per share
When calculating diluted earnings per share, earnings and the average number of shares are adjusted to take into account the effects of potential ordinary shares, which, for the reported periods, pertain to convertible debt instruments and warrants issued to employees.
Interest-bearing net debt
Interest-bearing liabilities (including financial lease liabilities) and pension provisions minus interest-bearing assets and cash and cash equivalents.
Equity, non-controlling interests and interest-bearing liabilities.
Interest-bearing net debt in relation to EBITDA for the last 12 months.
Reported equity expressed as a percentage of total assets. Non-controlling interests are included in equity.
Last 12-month period
The most recent 12 months.
Average number of employees
Total number of hours worked during the most recent full year restated as full-time positions. Also includes average number of employees in key associates.